1. U – Joint Body or Cross
4. Bearing Cap
5. Needle Bearings (Located inside of Bearing Cap)
Standard U – Joints aren’t designed to run at extreme driveshaft angles unless they are specially constructed. As a rule of thumb, the angle of a driveshaft should not exceed 22degrees. However, some manufacturers do make quality high-angle driveshaft’s that operate dependably from 22 to 80 degrees. Extreme-angle driveshaftsare achieved by using a “Double Cardan” constant velocity joint. This is basically a joint with two u-joints.
|Shaft RPM||Operating Angle|
This table is based upon the joint at rated load and life. Going above the rated load or angle will decrease the u – joints life. As a general rule of thumb, for each doubling of the operating angle, RPM, or load, the lifetime of the joint is decreased by half. Rated lifetimes are on the order of 3000hours.
In the typical off – road vehicle, a suspension lift is done to increase clearance and allow larger tires to be installed. To compensate for the larger diameter, lower gears are installed in the axles. The lift increases the angle of the shaft and the lower gears means the shaft has to spin faster for a given axle speed; both things are working in the wrong direction on this chart. No wonder, driveshaft problems are common in vehicles modified for off-road use.
1310 (also 297X): – The 1310 (shown) is a 1/2 ton u – joint used in driveshafts for many Jeep applications and is retained via external snap rings; the ones that slightly resemble a pretzel. The 297X u – joint is effectively the same size but with intern al snap rings used for steering knuckle joints on most Dana 44 and Corporate 10 bolt front axles.
1330 – This is a 3/4 ton driveshaft u – joint most often found at the pinion yoke going int o Dana 60 front or rear axles. The 1330 shares the same cap size as the 1310 but with a larger cross.
1350 – Most 1 ton trucks of yester – year used these joints (middle joint in picture) in their driveshafts but could be found in 3/4 ton and 1/2 tons occasionally. Note the cross is the same size as the 1330 to its left but the bearing caps, and therefore the “Trunnion” that they pivot on are larger, i.e. more strength.
1410 – In recent year s, the Super Duty line from Ford, and Chevy and Dodge H.D. series are using even beefi er joints in their driveshafts. The 1410 can be consider ed a 1.25 ton joint and is appropriate when behind the torque mons ter diesel engines from the Big Three.
1480 – his joint (farthest right) is most commonly a steering knuckle joint rather than a driveshaft u – joint and resides inside the knuckles of Dana 60 and 70 front axles. In a driveshaft application, it could be considered as a 2 ton joint . Keep in mind that a steering knuckle joint sees 3 – 5 times as much torque as the driveshaft joints strictly from the ring and pinion reduction. It is further multiplied by having the steering turned to anything other than straight.
297X vs 760X – Spicer phased out the old dependable 297X u-joint and replaced it with the new 760X. Shown is a new Spicer 5-760X cross and bearing kit next to the old 5-297X. These joints are an updated design and have a cold-forged cross which has repeatedly been shown to be much stronger than the 297’s hot-forged cross, with a much longer fatigue life. This should help to further put the brakes on broken u-joints.
The bearing caps of the U-Joint are pressed into the Yoke and held in place with a C-Clip, an Internal Snap Ring, or a Full Circle Snap Ring. Vehicles that see heavy off-road use should use an internal or full circle snap ring. If C-Clip style u-joints are only available for your application, you can have them modified to accept full circle clips.
When pushed real hard with locking differentials & oversized tires, the joint’s bearing caps often will try to ‘spin’ in the yoke as the joint operates. As it rotates, it often “spits” off u-joint c-clips and then the cap is free to walk out of the yoke, departing from the axle (if it doesn’t get crushed by the Balljoint Stud first). The U-Joint trunnion then rips apart the axle yokes, causing a catastrophic failure. Even if it doesn’t break the yoke, it will still stretch them out so they won’t properly hold the cap anymore.
|K1 Snap Ring Dimension||D1 Bearing Cap Diameter||K2 Snap Ring Diameter||D2 Bearing Cap Diameter||OEM Manufacturer||OEM Series||Convert This Series||To This Series||Part #||Notes|
1) Lube Fitting In Bearing Cap
2) Mercruiser Kit
3) Used In Closed End, Spicer Front Axle
U-Joint Cross Reference:
Are all the numbers confusing you? 1310 series, 1350 series and so forth? Here’s a sizing chart. Or simply contact Niagara Drivetrain at – firstname.lastname@example.org or call us at 905-641-5464
“Your one stop Driveline Shop in the Niagara Region”
Niagara Drivetrain Centre Limited
620 Welland Avenue Unit 626-628
St. Catharines, ON
|U-joint Series||U-Joint Width (inches)||Cap Diameter (inches)|
|Ball Stud Tube Yokes||Series-1550|
|Ball Stud Yokes||Series-1610|
|Ball Yoke-Tube Yoke||Series-1710|
|Bearing Cap Hardware||Series-1760|
|Bearing Retainer Assemblies||Series-1810|
|Bearing Seal Protectors||Series-1880|
|Bearing Strap Assemblies||Series-5C|
|Cap & Bolt Assemblies||Series-7260|
|Cardan Joint||Service Kit Greasable|
|Centre Bearings||Shaft Assemblies|
|Centre Bearing Retainer Assemblies||Shaft- Coupling|
|Centre Bearing Bracket||Shaft -Joint & Shaft Assemblies|
|Centre Bearing Cushion||Shaft Nuts|
|Centre Bearing Front Slinger||SHAFTMASTER|
|Centre Bearing Rear Slinger||Slinger|
|Centre Bearing Rubber Cushion||Slip Yoke Assemblies|
|Centre Yoke||Slip Yoke Centre|
|Companion Flanges-Circular||Slip Yoke Dust Cap & Washer Kit|
|Companion Flanges-Circular Taper Hole||Slip Yoke Flange Style|
|Companion Flanges-Spline Hole||Slip Yoke -Hex, Square and Round|
|Companion Flanges-Straight Round Hole||Slip Yoke Lube Fitting|
|Components||Slip Yoke Plug|
|Computerized Balancing||Slip Yoke Splined Sleeves|
|Computerized Driveshaft Balancing||Slip Yoke Transmission|
|Constant Velocity Centering Repair Kits||Slip Yoke Wing Bearing Style|
|Constant Velocity Shaft||Small Parts|
|Coupling Shaft||Snap Rings|
|Cross & Bearing Kit||SPICER|
|Cross and Bearing Kits||SPL-Spicer|
|Custom Built Driveshaft||TRAKMOTIVE|
|Custom Built Shaft||Trucks|
|Custom Made Driveshafts||Tube Yoke|
|CV Axle Shafts||U-Bolt Assemblies|
|DANA||U-Joint at Axle Pinion Yoke|
|Dust Cap||U-Joint Grease Fitting-Zerk Fitting|
|Dust Cap assemblies||U-Joint Half Round|
|End Yoke||U-Joint Kits|
|End Yoke- Splined Holes||U-Joint Kits-Inside Snap Ring|
|End Yoke-Hex & Square Hole||U-Joint Kits-Outside Snap Ring|
|End Yoke-Slinger Style||U-Joint Snap Rings|
|End Yoke-Steering Shaft-Serrated Hole -Snap Ring||U-joint-4WD|
|End Yoke-Straight Round Hole||U-Joint-Bearing Plate|
|End Yoke-Tapered Hole U-Bolt & Bolt Design||U-Joint-Conversion|
|Flange Yoke-Bearing Plate Design||U-Joint-High Wing Drilled|
|Flange Yoke-Snap Ring Design||U-Joint-Low Wing Drilled|
|Flange-Companion-Rectangular-Round & Taper||U-Joint-Wheel|
|Flange-Companion-Straight Round Hole||U-Joint-Wing Bearing|
|Flange-Spline Hole||Universal Joint Kits|
|Front Shaft||Wing Bearing|
|Industrial Driveshafts||Yoke Shaft-High Angle|
|Joint & Shaft Assemblies-Companion End Yoke||Yoke Shaft-Wheel|
|Joint & Shaft Assemblies-Companion Flange||Yoke-Ball Stud|
|Joint & Shaft Assemblies-Outboard Slip Yoke||Yoke-Center|
|Lock Strap-Full Round||Yoke-Companion Flange|
|Lock washer||Yoke-Constant Velocity Centering|
|Lock wires Round||Yoke-End|
|Nuts||Yoke-Slip-Hex, Square, Round|
|Outboard Slip yoke||Yoke-Slip-Outboard|
|Passenger Cars||Yoke-Splined Sleeve|
|Rear Shaft||Yokes-Slip Assemblies|